Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is an issue with hormones that influence ladies during a woman’s reproductive years, starting from ages 12 to 51. In the range of 2.2 and 26.7 percent of women in this age group have PCOS. (Watson, 2019). Numerous women have PCOS and are single. . In one examination, up to 70 percent of women with PCOS had not been analyzed. (Watson, 2019). PCOS influences a woman’s ovaries, the regenerative organs that produce estrogen and progesterone, a hormone that controls the monthly cycle. The ovaries additionally produce a modest quantity of male hormones called androgens. (Watson, 2019).

Follicle-Invigorating Hormone or FSH and Luteinizing Hormone or LH both control ovulation. FSH animates the ovary to deliver a follicle, a sac that contains an egg, and afterwards, LH triggers the ovary to produce a develop egg. Studies have shown that PCOS is a hormonal problem regular among women of conceptive age. Women with PCOS may have irregular or delayed feminine periods or have an abundance of the male hormone, also known as androgen levels. The ovaries may build up various little assortments of follicles and neglect to deliver eggs consistently (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2020).

Specialists, after numerous researches, are unsure of what causes PCOS. They have acknowledged that significant levels of male hormones keep the ovaries from delivering hormones and making eggs during a women’s conceptive age (Watson, 2019). Qualities, insulin obstruction, and irritation have all been connected to the overabundance of androgen creation. However, the specific reason for PCOS is obscure (Hopkins, 2020).

Symptoms of PCOS include the following:

  • Irregular periods. 
  • Excess bleeding. 
  • Excess hair growth. 70% of ladies with this condition develop hair all over and body.
  • Weight gain. Up to 80 percent of ladies with PCOS are overweight or obese. 
  • The hair on the scalp gets thinner and drop out. 
  • Darkening of the skin or patched on skin. 

There is no single test to analyze PCOS. To help diagnose PCOS and preclude different reasons for the side effects, when consulting a specialist, they may discuss the woman’s clinical history with PCOS and do a physical examination and various tests (Grigorescu, Plowden, Pal, 2019). Specific tests include a physical examination, a pelvic test, a pelvic ultrasound or sonogram and blood tests.

When different conditions are precluded, the woman might be determined to have PCOS on the off chance that they have at any rate two of the accompanying symptoms (NHS, 2019):

  • Unpredictable periods. 
  • Signs that you have elevated levels of androgens: 
  • Excess hair growth all over, jawline, and body (hirsutism) 
  • Pimple outbursts
  • Thinning or diminishing of hair 
  • Higher levels of androgens 
  • Presence of multiple cysts on one or both.

 PCOS is also linked with other health problems. Studies have discovered connections among PCOS and other medical conditions, including (NHS, 2019):

  • Diabetes. The more significant part of ladies with PCOS will have diabetes or pre-diabetes before the age of 40. 
  • Hypertension. Ladies with PCOS are in more danger of having hypertension. 
  • Undesirable cholesterol levels. 
  • Sleep apnea. 
  • Anxiety and Depression. 
  • Endometrial cancer, Issues with ovulation, stoutness, insulin obstruction, and diabetes increment the danger of creating the endometrium’s malignant growth. 
  • Specialists don’t have the foggiest idea of whether PCOS causes a portion of these issues, if these issues cause PCOS, or if different conditions cause PCOS and other medical problems. 

PCOS also has many complications. Difficulties of PCOS can includes (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2020): 

  • Infertility 
  • Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-incited hypertension 
  • Miscarriage or untimely birth 
  • Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis, a severe liver aggravation brought about by fat amassing in the liver 
  • A metabolic disorder, a group of conditions including hypertension, high glucose, and irregular cholesterol or fatty substance levels. 
  • Type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes 
  • Sleep apnea 
  • Depression, tension, and dietary issues 
  • Abnormal and excess bleeding in uterine 
  • Cancer of the uterine lining 
  • Obesity is related to PCOS and can decline the inconveniences of the problem. 

There’s no proper solution for PCOS; however, the side effects can be handled and treated. Overall, if you believe you have PCOS, please consult a family physician or a specialist and get treated.

If one has PCOS and is overweight, starting to shed pounds, it is recommended to adjust their eating routine to improve PCOS symptoms (Grigorescu, Plowden, Pal, 2019). Prescription drugs are also accessible to treat side effects, such as abnormal hair development and unpredictable periods. When and if medication is not successful, Laparoscopic Ovarian Penetrating (LOD), a simple surgery to remove the cysts, might be an option suggested by doctors.

PCOS is a typical hormone issue for ladies of conceptive age. Women with PCOS may not ovulate, have elevated levels of androgens, and have follicles on the ovaries. PCOS can cause missed or irregular periods, an abundance of hair growth, skin break out such as acne, barrenness, and weight gain. Women who intend to get pregnant later on may take various types of drugs. If you think you have PCOS, speak with a medical professional about the ideal approaches to handle the situation, and hopefully, you will get the proper treatment you need.






  • Hopkins, John. (2020). Johns Hopkins Medicine: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
  • Mayo Clinic Staff. (2020). Mayo Clinic: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
  • Grigorescu, V., Plowden, T.C., Pal, L. (2019). Office on Women’s Health: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
  • (2019). NHS Choices: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
  • Watson, S. (2019). Healthline: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment.